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Adjective and Adverb Clauses

Adjective and adverb clauses are fairly easy to diagram, or at least easier than you thought it was.
Ok, to start off you will need to know what a subordinate clauses is and how to indentify them. Adjective and adverb clauses are types of subordinate clauses. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone in a sentence. In the sentence below is an example of a subordinate clause.
Ex. The boy, who likes to play baseball, walked over there.
"Who likes to play baseball" is the subordinate clause because it just doesn't make sense without the rest of the sentence.

If you need anymore help with diagramming, here are some very useful websites:

Adverb and Adjective clauses quiz (to help you practice)

Here is a site to help you with the basics of diagramming

Here's a site all about adjective clauses

Click here to see the diagramming in action!

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Since you now know how to identify subordinate clauses, it's time to dive deeper into adjective and adverb clauses.
Let's start with with adjective clauses.
An adjective clause modifies a noun or a pronoun by telling "which one or what kind".
Most adjective clauses begin with a relative  pronoun such as that, which, who, whom, or whose. Sometimes they start with a relative adverb such as before, since, when, where, or why. When clause is not essential to the sentence, it is set-off by commas.
Now, let's work on adverb clauses.
An adverb clause modifies a verb, an adjective, an adverb, or a verbal. An adverb clause tells you "where, when, in what way, to what extent, under waht condition, or why."
An adverb clause usually starts with a subordinating conjunction. There are many subordinating conjunctions, but here are just a few common ones:
  • after
  • although
  • as
  • as if
  • as long as
  • because
  • before
  • even though
  • if
  • in order that
  • since
  • so that
  • than
  • though
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • where
  • wherever
  • while

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