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Yellow Sentence Diagramming
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Compound and Complex Sentences

by Carrie and Rachel

A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a conjuction or semicolon.  Each independent clause can stand by itself.  Don't confuse it with a complex sentence, which has an indepent and a dependent clause.  A dependent clause cannot stand on its own.

Here is an example of a compound sentence.
 
Amy looked on as Jacky thundered by on a big black horse, and Randall watched in lovestruck amazement.
 
Each of the clauses in this sentence can stand by itself:
 
Amy looked on as Jacky thundered by on a big black horse.
Randall watched in lovestruck amazement.
 
Here's one that uses a semicolon.
 
Jacky tripped and fell into the tub of dirty water; Annie and Betsy shrieked as the water rained down on them.
 
Once again, each part of the sentence can stand by itself:
 
Jacky tripped and fell into the tub of dirty water.
Annie and Betsy shrieked as the water rained down on them.
 
 
 
 
 

To diagram compound sentences, first diagram each clause separately, and then use a dotted line with the conjuctoin or semicolon written on it to connect the diagrams of the two clauses. Here are some examples.
 
Jacky ran across the slippery deck of the ship, and Jaimy watched anxiously.

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She fell on her back; Davey laughed teasingly.

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WELCOME

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Here is an example of a complex sentence.
 
Amy tirelessly practiced her embroidery, even though she was already very good.
 
Here's one where the dependent clause comes first.
 
As soon as Jacky got back from the market covered in filth, Peg threw her into a tub of hot water and started scrubbing off the mud.
 
Each of these sentences contain an independent clause and a dependent clause. Even though they're kind of self-explanotory, an independent clasue can stand by itself and a dependent clause cannot.
 

To diagram complex sentences, once again diagram each clause separately. Then connect them using a slanted dotted line that has the conjuction written on it. Here are some examples.
 
Jaimy puched Davy because he had laughed at Jacky.

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The two were fighting angrily on the deck although they were not allowed.

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Here's a website that might help with your compound sentences!

And here's another website to help diagram compound and complex sentences!

In case you were wondering, the theme of these sentences is Bloody Jack, as in the Bloody Jack series by L. A. Meyer. You should read this series!! It is awesome!!!

We hope this website helped you with any school homework or projects!  Good luck!